Does Menopause Cause high blood pressure? When women enter Menopause, their body does many different things. It can change how it feels and what is happening. Sometimes the blood pressure will go up for the worse.
Elevated blood pressure is not wanted. It happens for many reasons, like weight and diet. You can prevent it by maintaining a healthy weight, following a balanced and primarily plant-based diet, and getting the recommended 150 minutes of exercise each week. Menopause can lead to elevated blood pressure. There are many reasons for this: Weight and diet factors that you need to be aware of if you want to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Exercise will help your body stay in shape, too, so make sure you try to get at least 150 minutes per week!
During Menopause, your hormones change, and this can lead to weight gain. It also makes your blood pressure more sensitive to salt in food, leading to higher blood pressure.
Does Menopause Cause High Blood Pressure?
To control your blood pressure, focus on a healthy lifestyle. That means eating healthy and exercising.
- Stay at a healthy weight.
- Eat foods that help your heart, like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
- Limit eating foods with salt.
- Exercise on most days of the week.
- Manage stress.
- Stop smoking if you smoke cigarettes.
1. Stay at a healthy weight.
Seven out of 10 Americans are overweight or obese. Being overweight can raise your blood pressure and increase your risk for heart disease and type 2 diabetes. These are all things that you want to avoid!
A healthy weight is vital to help control high blood pressure. To lower your blood pressure, the American Heart Association recommends:
2. Eat foods that help your heart, like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
Avoid processed foods, sodium-rich foods, saturated fats, refined sugars, and trans fats. Use this list to shop for heart-healthy foods. Also, keep a record of everything you eat. Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all. It can raise your blood pressure by 10 to 20 points depending on what you drink and how much you drink each time. Our hearts and blood vessels work harder to pump the increasing amount of blood that our body needs as we age.
3. Limit eating foods with salt.
Most Americans get more sodium than they need. The American Heart Association says that you should aim for 2,300 milligrams of sodium a day or less if you have high blood pressure. They recommend no more than 1,500 milligrams per day if your blood pressure is above 120/80.
The AHA says healthier choices in the grocery store don’t have a lot of sodium in them, like fruits and veggies. Here’s one way to start: Eat fresh fruit instead of a cupcake!
4. Exercise on most days of the week.
If you want to lower your blood pressure, it’s essential to exercise on most days of the week. This will also help your heart stay healthy and reduce stress. It is hard to go from sitting all day at work to exercising right away for about an hour. But try adding more busy times throughout the day by taking errands on foot or riding a bike instead of driving.
5. Manage stress.
Stress can affect your blood pressure, and high blood pressure can make you feel stressed out too. To manage stress, try taking a walk or practicing yoga (just 10 minutes!) when you’re feeling stressed out. You could also use meditation or deep breathing to settle your mind and body down for less stress.
6. Stop smoking
Smoking can raise your blood pressure by increasing the force on your heart to pump more blood through your body with each heartbeat. This extra force can stress your body and lead to high or uncontrolled blood pressure. If you smoke or are looking to quit, please check out SmokefreeTXT for complimentary text messages to help you quit.
Although it is unclear what mechanisms cause blood pressure elevation during this phase, it seems that at least some of these changes are caused by weight gain and loss of lean body mass, especially in women who have undergone surgical Menopause.
The fact that the risk factors for cardiovascular disease are well established and can be modified makes this phase a perfect opportunity to prevent chronic diseases such as hypertension and coronary heart disease, even when starting later in life.
Changes in BP during transition:
Substantial changes in the cardiovascular system accompany the menopausal transition. Blood pressure (BP) increases between age 45 and 55, especially in young women with obesity or hypertension before Menopause.
However, this increase is not uniform. The BP remains unchanged or decreases in 8% to 22% of women and increases by more than 20 mmHg in only 5% to 10%.
On the other hand, many related conditions can cause hypertension: Weight gain – especially central – and loss of lean body mass, usually in women who have undergone surgical Menopause.
Weight gain in the abdomen is associated with adverse changes in glucose and lipid metabolism and inflammation and oxidative stress markers, accompanied by endothelial dysfunction and higher arterial stiffness.
Similarly, loss of lean body mass occurs due to an aging-related decrease in estrogen production, accompanied by an increase in fat mass.
Thus, it is unclear whether the observed BP changes during Menopause are due to aging or Menopause per se.
The results of observational studies suggest that BP falls in women who experience natural Menopause but rises when surgical Menopause occurs.
Different studies show that the changes in BP are more significant in hypertensive or overweight women.
In a study of 1,822 healthy postmenopausal women, average BP increased from 117/72 to 128/79 mmHg during midlife and decreased to 112/67 mmHg at 70 years. In turn, this decrease is negligible among women with hypertension, even though the prevalence is higher in this group.
In a study of 4,534 healthy women with an average age of 40.3 years at Menopause and a follow-up period of 17 years where 20% died from cardiovascular disease (CVD), current postmenopausal status is associated with increased mortality from CVD.
Can Menopause cause high blood pressure?
Possibly. Menopause and aging can lead to a decline in estrogen, which helps lower blood pressure. This may increase your risk for high blood pressure and heart disease. Exercising regularly and eating healthy foods can help decrease this risk by keeping weight under control, maintaining healthy cholesterol levels, and balancing blood sugar levels.
What can I do to manage my blood pressure at Menopause?
Several lifestyle changes will help you keep your blood pressure under control:
●Eat a healthy diet low in fat and sodium (salt) and includes fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
●Be active every day—the better—for 30 minutes of moderate aerobic activity, such as brisk walking.
●Manage stress effectively. Learn healthy ways to cope with everyday hassles, and take time out for yourself each day.
●Get enough sleep—more than six hours a night may increase blood pressure levels.
●If you smoke cigarettes, quit now! Smoking increases your risk of lung cancer, heart disease, and other serious health problems.
●If you drink alcohol, do so only in moderation. One drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men is recommended.
●If you take birth control pills, don’t smoke. Smoking can increase your risk of severe side effects from the pill.
●Get regular check-ups. Your doctor can check your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, track changes in your weight, and recommend lifestyle changes that will help you manage your high blood pressure.
Does taking a birth control pill cause high blood pressure?
Birth control pills may increase the risk of developing high blood pressure, so talk to your doctor about alternative birth control methods if you develop high blood pressure after starting the birth control pill.
some risk factors for high blood pressure include stress, obesity, and smoking. It’s also possible that Menopause causes high blood pressure as women enter the perimenopausal stage of life. If you’re experiencing symptoms like night sweats or hot flashes during this time, it may be worth seeing your doctor discuss whether your condition could be related to other chronic conditions such as hypertension (high blood pressure).